Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (MTP) 1971
The court took the decision after doctors advised that cosmetic surgery could easily treat the foetus’ deformities – cleft lip and palate.
The bill allows for abortion even beyond a period of 24 weeks for foetuses that are “abnormal” that is the children that could be born with disabilities.
The Supreme Court allowed a woman from Mumbai to terminate one of her twin fetuses. One of her two foetuses is said to have Down Syndrome.
The provision of the previous act imposed a severe restriction on the exercise of the reproductive choice of the woman.