Gen Z's Work Struggles: Battling Unhappiness Beyond Paychecks

Discover why Gen Z's workplace struggles are eroding happiness and how they seek fulfilment beyond mere paychecks and perks. SheThePeople explores their challenges.

Oshi Saxena
Sep 20, 2023 13:23 IST
New Update
As per Harvard University  work is inherently a source of stress and unhappiness for the younger generation

Representative Image from the film Tamasha | In a rapidly evolving professional landscape, the younger generation - comprising Generation Z and Millennials - grapples with a profound concern: a stark dip in life satisfaction, as unveiled by a Harvard study in 2022.

When it comes to the pursuit of happiness in our careers, we often think about salary, benefits, and professional success as the key drivers. But what if we told you that the secret to a happier, healthier, and longer working life isn't about money or job titles?  

A sweeping 2022 study, led by Harvard University, unearthed a rather alarming revelation: these youthful individuals scored the lowest in terms of life satisfaction when compared to their older counterparts.

What makes this revelation all the more intriguing is that the root cause of their discontent lies within the heart of their workplace experiences. This intricate dance challenges the age-old notion that work inevitably begets stress and unhappiness among the youth. Drawing from personal experience in the corporate realm and from guiding over a hundred young professionals through the maze of their careers, it becomes clear that reality often paints a very different picture. 

Age as the Defining Variable

A recent Harvard-led study has unearthed a disconcerting reality: Young adults in the United States, aged 18 to 25, are grappling with significantly lower levels of well-being across multiple dimensions. The study meticulously analysed a dozen critical indicators of well-being including happiness, health, meaning, character, relationships, and financial stability, among others. Their life satisfaction scores were the lowest among all age groups, marking a stark contrast to surveys conducted in the early 2000s.

Two decades ago, surveys indicated that younger and older adults reported higher levels of happiness and life satisfaction compared to their middle-aged counterparts. Fast forward to the present, and the dynamics have shifted dramatically.

Unraveling the Enigma


In the quest to fathom the underlying causes, the available data paints a descriptive but incomplete picture. However, insights gleaned from various research endeavours offer tantalizing clues. Financial and economic factors appear to exert considerable influence. Young adults confront bleak employment prospects, dissatisfaction in their workplaces, meagre remuneration, towering educational debts, and soaring housing expenses.

The dream of homeownership, once a bedrock of financial stability, now eludes the grasp of the majority within Generation Z. The pervasive presence of social media, frequently implicated in the erosion of well-being, casts a shadow of negativity, particularly among the youth who exhibit high usage patterns. 

The Crux of the Matter: Workplace Dynamics

The crux of the matter lies in the intricacies of their workplace milieu. As the foundational tenets of work environments shift beneath their feet, it becomes imperative to decipher the profound ramifications of these changes on the well-being of the younger workforce.

An Indian Perspective on Workplace Predicaments and Potential Remedies

Shethepeople had the privilege of engaging in candid conversations with young professionals who find themselves ensnared in this demographic. They eloquently shared their challenges within the workplace and how these challenges reverberate through the tapestry of their overall happiness.


Aishanya Gautam, a Gen Z luminary presently navigating the labyrinth of academia while simultaneously juggling multiple internships to remain a coveted choice in the job market, candidly expressed, "Balancing internships alongside my academic pursuits is akin to a Herculean feat."  The quest for the elusive "perfect job" has been a blow to her self-assurance, leaving her feeling "intimidated by the competitive landscape" as she embarks on a fervent journey to become the preferred choice in the job market.

Apurva, a recent entrant to the workforce, laments, "I am perpetually overburdened, yet my efforts go unnoticed," a circumstance that inflicts a poignant wound upon her self-worth. She grapples with a sense of monotony and ennui during her work hours, exacting a toll on her mental well-being.

Yagnoseni Das, a seasoned professional, recounts how her job incessantly demands her unwavering attention, sapping her mental vigour. When probed about other facets that drain her vitality, she bemoans, "There exists scarcely a moment to reflect or engage in pursuits beyond the realm of work."

A seasoned professional, choosing to remain anonymous, boldly asserts that "the younger generation seeks fulfilment beyond mere paychecks and perks." Unfortunately, many organizations fall short of furnishing the requisite environment. He recollects a previous stint characterized by a short-fused manager and incessant pressure to meet targets, an ordeal that grievously compromised his well-being.

When queried about their coping mechanisms and strategies for preserving mental equilibrium in the face of workplace challenges, some advocated for the pursuit of activities "entirely disconnected from the realm of work," while others extolled the virtues of "fostering social connections within the workplace" as a means of infusing a sense of enjoyment into their daily tasks.

Regarding potential solutions, one respondent posited that "a well-coordinated team, transparent communication from management, preservation of employees' mental and physical health, and the cultivation of a harmonious work-life balance" could collectively constitute a salubrious recipe for a more fulfilling workplace experience. Others implored senior figures to exhibit greater empathy and a more genuine commitment to the oft-uttered refrain of "We are a family."


In the complex landscape of the modern workplace, the well-being of Generation Z and millennials has emerged as a pressing concern. Harvard's 2022 study has laid bare their lowest life satisfaction scores, with work environments playing a significant role in this equation. As our workplaces continue to metamorphose, it is imperative that we delve deep into their impact on the well-being of our younger workforce.

Views expressed by the author are their own.

Suggested reading : Gujarat: How Older Women Face Challenges In Getting Monthly Ration

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