Today's Google Doodle celebrates the 131st birth anniversary of Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu, one of the first women engineers in the world.
Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu: #GoogleDoodle celebrates 131st birthday of one of the world’s first women #engineers. She was also known for her dedication towards work and paying special attention towards training and mentoring young chemists.#WomenInTech #techwomen pic.twitter.com/NnLG9rzwjh— SheThePeople (@SheThePeopleTV) November 10, 2018
Who was Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu?
- Zamfirescu was born in Romania on 10 November 1887.
- She was the first female member of the General Association of Romanian Engineers (AGIR) and ran laboratories for the Geological Institute of Romania.
- She oversaw several economic studies that analysed Romania's supply of natural resources like coal, shale, natural gas, chromium, bauxite and copper.
- Romania honoured her by naming a street after her in the capital city of Bucharest in 1993.
Although Zamfirescu graduated with high marks and earned a baccalaureate, she was rejected by a top school on the basis of her gender.
- Unaffected by rejection, Zamfirescu looked elsewhere and applied to the Royal Technical Academy in Germany and was accepted in 1909.
- She persevered despite facing discrimination, and earned her degree in engineering.
At the time of her graduation, the press reported positively proclaiming "in engineering, the future of women is great."
- Zamfirescu then returned to Romania, where she worked as an assistant at the Geological Institute of Romania.
- She joined the Red Cross during World War 1 and married a chemist, Constantin Zamfirescu, with whom she had two daughters.
- She has also written papers including one called 'The Chemistry of Chromite in the Orsova Mountains'.
The engineer is remembered as a dedicated professional who worked long hours from morning to evening.
- Zamfirescu then taught physics and chemistry at the Pitar Mos School of Girls at the School of Electricians and Mechanics in Bucharest.
- Zamfirescu retired at the age of 75. She is known to have kept working past retirement age and didn't fully retire after a four-decade-long career.
- She died on November 25 1973, aged 86.
Elisa Zamfirescu became an engineer at a time when women engineers were almost unheard of. Irish Alice Perry graduated just six years before Zamfirescu to become the first-ever female engineer in the world. Zamfirescu followed suit soon after.
Featured image credit: YouTube