#Health and Hygiene

Cardiovascular Diseases Among Women High In India, The Lancet Lists Recommendations

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Cardiovascular diseases among Indian women on rise: A new report on cardiovascular disease has called cardiovascular disease the leading cause of death in women. Even though decades of campaigns to raise awareness about the issue have gained momentum, there still has been stagnation in the overall reduction of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in women. Report raised special concern about rising cases of in populous countries like India and China.

The findings of the report were published in medical journal The Lancet, which  said that these diseases in women still  “remains understudied, under-recognised, underdiagnosed, and undertreated” and outlined 10 recommendation to improve health outcomes for women.

The commission behind the report has called itself the first effort of its kind that connects stakeholders in order to ignite global awareness of sex and gender-related disparities in cardiovascular disease, in order to provide a springboard for further research.

The all women-led commission report was presented during a plenary session at the 70th annual scientific session of the American College of Cardiology held recently.

The report, titled ‘The Lancet women and cardiovascular disease Commission: reducing the global burden by 2030’ is authored by 17 experts in the field from 11 countries. It aims to reduce the percentage of deaths of women, which is now at 35 percent, by the disease by 2030.

Although the prevalence of cardiovascular disease among women has been declining globally, there has been a significant increase in cases (three percent) in India. Due to this, it is highly needed to initiate the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease in women, especially in highly populated and industrialised regions.

The 10 recommendations in the commission report to improve the health outcomes are:

1. Direct funding for real-time and accurate data collection regarding the outcomes and prevalence of CVD in women globally.

2. Development of educational programmes on cardiovacular disease in women should be encouraged for scientists, physicians, healthcare providers, and communities.

3. Prioritising sex-specific research, especially focusing on identifying the natural history and the pathophysiology of the disease.

4. Strategies should be developed in order to improve the enrollment and retention of women in clinical trials done in the field of cardiovascular disease.

5. To prioritise the funding for cardiovascular disease health programmes in the global health organisations especially for women from socioeconomically deprived regions.

6. To educate the patients and healthcare providers equally regarding the early detection and prevention of the disease in young women.

7. Policy-based initiatives should be established and medical as well as community-outreach cardiovascular disease risk factor programmes should be set up for women.

8. To encourage even more research to identify the effect of sex-specific, socioeconomic, and psychosocial risk factors on cardiovascular disease among women, and evaluate the intervention strategies.

9. To increase the healthy heart programmes especially in the highly populated and industrialised regions.

10. To enhance the public-private partnerships which will help in developing broad-scale programmes to save lives of women suffering from cardiovascular disease.