As we observe World Population Day today, the world’s population is set to reach 9.7 billion in 2050 and India is estimated to surpass the population of China and become the most populous country by 2027. This, according to the latest report by the United Nations is three years earlier than the previously forecasted year of 2030. The population of India is set to reach 1.5 billion by 2030.

India is also the largest intermediate fertility country, where women have on average 2.1 to 5 births in their lifetime.

India currently comprises 18 percent of the world’s population, with 1.34 billion people. “In roughly seven years, or around 2024, the population of India is expected to surpass that of China,” the 2017 revision report said. However, in another report, which was the 24th round of the UN’s report on population, it was estimated that India will surpass China’s population by 2022.

Currently, one of every six people on the planet live in India. As of 2019, 48.03 per cent of India’s population is female. Even by 2095, this statistics of female population is expected to grow to 49.17 per cent only.

The new report released now says, that in 2024, both India and China are expected to grow to a population of 1.44 billion each. After that, a gradual increase will be seen in India’s population. India is expected to grow to a country with 1.5 billion population in 2030 and 1.66 billion human force by 2050. However, the population of China is expected to remain stable till 2030 and post that, it may even start showing a decline. After 2050, India’s population might start showing a decline, but will still remain the most populous country till 2100. “With roughly 83 million people being added to the world’s population every year, the upward trend in population size is expected to continue, even assuming that fertility levels will continue to decline,” the report added.

India is expected to grow to a country with 1.5 billion population in 2030 and 1.66 billion human force by 2050.

Also, India is one of those countries who is expected to send around 100,000 migrants in the world, collectively and annually. India is also the largest intermediate fertility country, where women have on average, 2.1 to 5 births in their lifetime. “Population ageing is projected to have a profound effect on societies, underscoring the fiscal and political pressures that the health care, old-age pension and social protection systems of many countries are likely to face in the coming decades,” the report says.

According to the census by Sample Registration System, 2015, India should impart more education to women, if it wants to considerably improve its population statistics. There is an intrinsic relationship between the level of education and the total fertility rate. “The evidence clearly shows that education has a direct effect on the total fertility rate. Education keeps girls and boys in school and helps avert child marriage, thereby reducing adolescent fertility rate. Education also helps families take informed decisions on the number of children they should have and when they should have children, by delaying and spacing child-bearing through use of contraceptives.” said Diego Palacios, country representative, UNFPA India.

Currently, one of every six people on the planet live in India. As of 2019, 48.03 per cent of India’s population is female. Even by 2095, this statistics of female population is expected to grow to 49.17 per cent only. Out of this, 16.2% of women population is illiterate. India is also the largest intermediate fertility country, where women have on average, 2.1 to 5 births in their lifetime.

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